Moco Farm

The Name

Usually just known as Moco, one wonders whether this refers to a location or more specifically to a farm. Certainly, historically, there was a farmstead at Moco, which was part of the Steeple Morden manorial estate acquired by the Earl of Hardwick in 1755, although it is not mentioned by name in the deeds at that time. The earliest mention of the name, that has been found, is in connection with the murder of Elizabeth Pateman in 1734. In The Placenames of Cambridgeshire by P H Reaney Moco is only mentioned as a local or field name submitted by the local school children and no origin is suggested for the name. Reference is made to Mocha Field recorded in the Tithe Apportionment 1839, which is adjoining on the west, but this field was carved out of a large Allotment granted to Hardwicke at time of Enclosure in 1807, so one would imagine the field was named after the farmstead, rather than vice-versa.

Moco is not recorded by name in the Enclosure documents 1807 or in the Tithe Apportionment in 1839. The earliest recorded use of the name is 1871, when Moco Lane is mentioned in connection with the residence of Henry Jarman in the 1871 Voters List. A suggestion for the origin of the name is that it is a corruption of Mocha referring to the port city in Yemen on the Red Sea. Arabic coffee and chocolate that came from “far away”, may have inspired the ironic name to describe a farm sitting well away from main centres of population. By coincidence, there is a Moco Farm at Station Road, Swanbourne in Buckinghamshire and that is also remote from the village.

Access to Moco was by a lane or right of way over the fields from Knotts Bridge and earlier there was a similar parallel lane the east side of Cheyney Water, dropping down off Litlington Road. Access could also come from Ashwell Stret at Upper Gatley and via Lower Gatley. Now a footpath it was still wide enough for a horse and cart in the early 20th Century and was the route taken with horses on their way to the blacksmith’s on The Green to be shoed.

An attraction of the location would be the plentiful supply of spring water from the brook that ran through the centre of Moco, known as Cheyney Water

Moco Hamlet

During the 19th Century Moco was a hamlet with a total of six dwellings and a typical population of around 30 people. Two of the dwellings were slightly to the north at a spot also known as Bush Andrews. As the Agricultural Depression took hold in the 1870s the population at Moco reduced and in 1881 just two houses were occupied with nine inhabitants. There was a revival by 1891 with five occupied dwellings and fourteen residents, although these levels soon collapsed and 1901 witnessed the beginning of the end with two dwellings occupied and only three residents. In 1911 there was one cottage occupied by Herbert Barnes and family, he had originated at Rampton, Cambridgeshire, but had been living at Holloway in London until 1910 and his three children had been born at Holloway. The Rule family replaced the Barnes about 1913 and stayed until after the First World War, although were resident in Bassingbourn by 1921.

In the 1800s, Henry Jarman, father and son, lived in one of the two cottages just to the north, at what was also known as Bush Andrews and the cottages here were abandoned in the 1870s and Henry Jarman junior moved to The Green. The Charter family lived in the Moco farmhouse proper until the mid-1880s, when widow Ann moved out to live with her daughter and son-in-law in Kentish Town, London. It was probably, inhabited for a while by John Peck farm bailiff, but lying empty by 1900.

In the 1933 Sale Particulars Moco is described as “A freehold accommodation holding known as Moco Farm with farm premises which consist of a stock yard with shelter shed and disused cottages now used as stores”. No mention of a farmhouse.

It seems likely that the Rules were the last residents at Moco and the surviving cottages were abandoned as dwellings by 1920?

Moco Farm

It is probable that Moco Farm in origin was never much larger than 60 to 65 acres and for much of the 19th Century the majority was let split into two small-holdings of 24 and 25 acres to the Jarman and Charter families and most remaining land went with Church Farm. At the Wimpole sale in 1892 Church and Moco Farms were offered together, so were viewed effectively as one farm, despite being let for many years split into small holdings.

On 31 December 1892 John Jarman of Kneesworth bought both Church and Moco farms at the Wimpole Estate sale and after his death, his trustees sold both farms on 12 July 1933, described as 230 acres, split across ten lots, the main tenant Bertram Parrish bought a portion, but not the whole. Lot 5 Moco Farm totalling 59a 1r 33p is noted as sold to Parrish for £1020 and a plot of arable and pasture adjoining 6a 1r 5p also to Parrish for £200.

It would appear, however, that at the sale Parrish was bidding on behalf of another person as Moco Farm, including the adjoining 6 acres, was acquired by George Frederick Jarman, who had a County Council small-holding on Litlington Road, to which he added the Moco land. The Moco farm buildings were left to tumble down and farming operations, along with the name Moco, were transferred to the Litlington Road farm.

To read more about Moco:      Moco     Moco Farm Modern     Elizabeth Pateman Murder 1734     Moco Ghost     John Charter of Moco Death 1884

Enclosure Map 1807-1816

This map shows primarily the allotment of land at time of Enclosure. Buildings are depicted at Moco, with various ancient enclosures or fields.

Tithe Apportionment Map 1839

This map shows all the fields as they were laid out in 1839, with dwellings and agricultural buildings. The plots outlined in yellow are a holding tenanted by Susan Charter, the red holding is held by Henry Jarman and various tenants the rest in green. Taken together they represent the extent of Moco Farm at that date. However, the two blocks of land in green dashes were tenanted by Samuel Strickland of Church Farm. The owner of all these lands was the Earl of Hardwicke. Note the field to the West was known as Mocha Field.

Wimpole Estate Sale Map 1892

Church Farm & Moco Farms were Lot 13 on map, although sold as Lot 12 in 1892. Outlined in red, plots 141 & 142 pasture 2a 1r 1p. plot 155 arable 5a 0r 32p. and plot 193 farm buildings, yards, orchards, garden etc and pasture 1a 2r 4p were held by Henry Jarman, who now lived on The Green. Outlined in green is the remainder of Moco Farm. Three cottages and gardens adjoining Moco Farm House are plots 195 and part 196 0a 2r 7p Two cottages containing 5 rooms and pantry, with barn, pigsty, privy and garden occupied by James Ball and another cottage containing 3 rooms with ditto - Void. Plots 194 & 197 are pasture 11a 3r 29p and plots 198 and 197 arable 53a 3r 6p, Part of plot 196 is Moco house, farm buildings and yard. All purchased by John Jarman of Kneesworth.

Moco OS Maps 1880s and 1950s

Maps are different scales, but show the change in buildings and foot print of Moco Farm

Trustees of John Jarman Sale Map 1933

Moco outlined in green. Lot 3 A freehold accommodation holding known as Moco Farm with farm premises which consist of a stock yard with shelter shed and disused cottages now used as stores. 59a 1r 33p (Sold for £1020 to Parrish). Lot 6 A freehold allotment of arable land and paddock of old pasture and immediately adjoining Moco Farm 6a 1r 5p (Sold to Parrish £200). Actual purchaser was George Frederick Jarman of Litlington Road. See Sale Particulars for complete details.


Moco Residents

1841 Census

The first entry for James Cubis is listed at Bush Andrews and the enumerator comes from The Green and goes to The Thrift. All other entries have the place name as Moco and are consecutive on the Schedule and there are no other Moco entries. The enumerator came from Gatley End, Thos Rule shepherd and went to Gatley End, Thos Finkell farmer – Lower Gatley Farm.

6 dwellings and 30 residents.

William Savage is son-in-law to Susan Charter, married to her daughter Elizabeth Savage.

Jane Hammond married William Hammond 1792, she was nee Gray. He died 1831 age 74 and she died 1843 age 75. Richard was their child baptised 1805 and he married Sarah Cubis of Litlington 1825 and Benjamin, Holben, Richard, Susan and David are their children.

Eliza is Richard’s sister and Jane is her illegitimate daughter. When Jane married 1862 her father was given as Henry Cubis?

Y means born in Cambridgeshire and N is for out of county. William Savage was born Potton, Beds.

Name Age Occupation Birth
James Cubis 20 Ag lab Y
Rebecca Cubis 20 Y
Susan Cubis 1 Y
Henry Jarman 60 Farmer Y
Henry Jarman 15 Y
Susan Charter 45 Farmer Y
Mary Charter 20 Y
Margaret Charter 15 Y
John Charter 18 Y
Wm Savage 25 Blacksmith N
Elizabeth Savage 25 Y
Jane Hammond 70 Nurse Y
Richd Hammond 30 Ag lab Y
Sarah Hammond 30 Y
Eliza Hammond 25 Straw plaiter Y
Benjamin Hammond 14 Y
Holben Hammond 12 Y
Richd Hammond 8 Y
Susan Hammond 2 Y
Jane Hammond 1 Y
David Hammond 1m Y
Wm Fairchild 30 Ag lab Y
Mary Fairchild 30 Y
Ann Fairchild 9 Y
Wm Fairchild 7 Y
Mary Fairchild 4 Y
Jane Fairchild 9m Y
Sarah Parish 50 Ag lab Y
Wm Parish 30 Ag lab Y
Ann Parish 20 Y
James Parish 20 Y
George Parish 15 Y
Wm Parish 4m Y


1851 Census

Moco is place name for each of these entries and there are no other Moco entries. The entries are in three different places in the Enumerators Schedules. It is difficult to imagine the enumerators route and suggests the Schedules were written up later, in no particular geographic sequence of properties.

6 dwellings and 27 residents

Susan Charter, mother of John Charter below, was living here in 1841 Census, but in 1851 Census is living with son-in-law William Savage and daughter Elizabeth in Hay Street.

James Cubis, who was at Bush Andrews in 1841 Census had moved to Litlington by time of 1851 Census.

Name Relation Status Age Occupation Birth
Richard Hammond Head Mar 46 Ag lab SM
Sarah Hammond Wife Mar 48 Straw plaiter GM
Richard Hammond Son Un 17 Ag lab SM
Susan Hammond Dau 11 Straw plaiter SM
William Fairchild Head Mar 43 Ag lab SM
Mary Fairchild Wife Mar 42 SM
Mary Fairchild Dau Un 13 Straw plaiter SM
Jane Fairchild Dau 10 Straw plaiter SM
Naomi Fairchild Dau 7 Straw plaiter SM
Susan Fairchild Dau 4 SM
Maria Fairchild Dau 6m SM
John Charter Head Mar 31 Farmer 16 acres SM
Ann Charter Wife Mar 28 SM
John Charter Son 3 SM
Sarah Ann Charter Dau 1 SM
Edward Charter Son 2m SM
Mary Ann Charter Sis in law Un 33 Straw plaiter SM
Sarah Parish Widow 62 Pauper Bassingbourn
James Parish Son Mar 32 Ag lab SM
Susan Parish Wife Mar 25 Ashwell
Henry Jarman Head Mar 27 Ag lab SM
Susan Jarman Wife Mar 25 SM
John Jarman Son 2 SM
Benjamin Hammond Head Mar 24 Ag lab SM
Fanny Hammond Wife Mar 22 SM
Isabela Hammond Sau 1 SM
Henry Jarman Fath in law Wid 74 Ag lab SM


1861 Census

These entries all have the place name as Moco and are listed consecutively as number 1 to 5 Moco. There are no other Moco entries.

The enumerator comes from Gatley End and moves onto Knotts Bridge, which suggests a south to north sequence for Moco.

There are 6 dwellings and 29 residents.

Name Relation Status Age Occupation Birth
James Parish Head Mar 43 Ag lab SM
Susanna Parish Wife Mar 37 SM
David Parish Son 5 SM
James Peck Head Mar 30 Ag lab SM
Sophi Peck Wife Mar 27 SM
Sarah Ann Peck Dau 7 SM
David Peck Son 3 SM
James Peck Son 1 SM
Richard Hammond Head Mar 57 Ag lab SM
Sarah Hammond Wife Mar 59 GM
One Uninhabited
John Charter Head Mar 38 Farmer’s Son SM
Ann Charter Wife Mar 38 GM
John Charter Son 13 Ag Lab SM
Sarah Charter Dau 11 SM
Edward Charter Son 10 SM
Mary Ann Charter Dau 7 SM
Emma Charter Dau 5 SM
William Charter Son 3 SM
Eliza Ann Charter Dau 9m SM
New Household
Susan Charter Head Wid 67 Farmer 24acres 1 employed SM
Mary Ann Charter Dau? Un 42? An Idiot SM
Henry Jarman Head Mar 37 Farmer 25 acres SM
Susan Jarman Wife Mar 35 SM
John Jarman Son 12 SM
Henry Jarman Son 9 SM
Jesse Jarman Son 7 SM
Ann Jarman Dau 5 SM
Amey Jarman Dau 3 SM
Alice Jane Jarman Dau 1 m SM


1871 Census

All entries have the place name as Moco and are listed consecutively in the Schedules. There are no other Moco entries.

The enumerator comes from Gatley End and moves onto Wet Bottom, which suggests a south to north sequence for Moco.

6 dwellings and 33 residents.

Name Relation Status Age Occupation Birth
James Parrish Head Mar 52 Ag lab SM
Susannah Parrish Wife Mar 46 Hayes, Mdx
David Parrish Son 15 Ag lab SM
James Peck Head Mar 38 Ag lab SM
Sophia Peck Wife Mar 36 SM
Sarah Ann Peck Dau Un 16 SM
David Peck Son 13 SM
Alice Peck Dau 9 Scholar SM
Albert Peck Son 6 Scholar SM
James Peck Son 4 SM
Jesse Peck Son 2 SM
John Charter Head Mar 48 Farmer 21 acres SM
Employ self & 2 boys
Ann Charter Wife Mar 48 GM
Edward Charter Son Un 20 Ag lab SM
Emma Charter Dau 15 SM
William Charter Son 13 SM
Richard Hammond Head Mar 67 Ag lab SM
Sarah Hammond Wife Mar 68 GM
Henry Jarman Head Mar 46 Fossil Carter SM
Susan Jarman Wife Mar 44 SM
Henry Jarman Son Un 19 Fossil Digger SM
Jesse Jarman Son Un 18 Fossil Digger SM
Annie Jarman Dau Un 15 Scholar SM
Amy Jarman Dau Un 12 Scholar SM
Ellis James Jarman Son 10 Scholar SM
George Jarman Son 7 Scholar SM
Frank Jarman Son 3 SM
Susan Jarman Head Wid 63 Straw plaiter Therfield
Elizabeth Jarman Dau Un 16 SM
John Chandler Son law Mar 22 Ag lab Litlington
Jane Chandler Dau Mar 21 Litlington
Frederic Jarman Gd son 3 Litlington
Allice Jarman Gd dau 10 m Litlington


1881 Census

These entries all have the place name as Moco and are listed consecutively in the Schedules. There are no other Moco entries.

The enumerator comes from Gatley End and moves onto Wet Bottom, which suggests a south to north sequence for Moco.

4 dwellings and 9 residents.

Name Relation Stat Age Occupation Birth
Stephen Pearce Head Mar 49 Ag lab SM
Ann Pearce Wife Mar 43 Over, Cam
Stephen Pearce Son 12 Ag lab Over, Cam
Minnie Pearce Dau 9 Over, Cam
Charles Gray Son law 11 Ag Lab Over, Cam
Elizabeth Gray Dau law 7 Scholar Over, Cam
1 Unoccupied
1 Unoccupied
Ann Charter Head Mar 58 Farmer Wife GM
Emma Charter Dau Un 25 SM
William Charter Son Un 23 SM


1891 Census

These entries all have the place name as Moco and are listed consecutively in the Schedules. There are no other Moco entries.

The enumerator comes from The Green and finishes at Moco, so difficult to identify precise route taken.

6 dwellings and 14 residents.

Number of rooms shown if less than 5.

Sarah Peck is deaf.

Rooms Name Relation Stat Age Occupation Birth
Elizabeth Ball Head Wid 68 SM
Sarah Ball Dau Un 42 SM
John Peck Head Mar 72 Farm bailiff SM
Sarah Peck Wife Mar 70 Kelshall
Frederick Potton Lodger Un 14 Ag lab SM
3 Arthur G Jarman Head Mar 22 Shepherd SM
Elizabeth Jarman Wife Mar 22 SM
William L Jarman Son 1 SM
George F Jarman Son 5 m SM
4 Thomas Jarman Head Mar 59 Farm lab SM
Emma Jarman Wife Mar 60 SM
Emma A Elsmere Dau Mar 23 SM
4 Robert Haylock Head Mar 54 Ag lab GM
Elizabeth Haylock Wife Mar SM
1 Unoccupied


1901 Census

There are only the two entries shown as Moco and no mention of unoccupied dwellings.

The previous enumeration is Club Row and the one after is Gatley End and next The Green, so Moco was a little diversion?

2 dwellings and 3 residents.

Name Relation Stat Age Occupation Birth
Horace Levett Head Mar 34 Shepherd Hoxne, Sfk
Mary Levett Wife Mar 36 Brandon, Sfk
Stanley Wybrew Head Un 23 Gamekeeper Takeley, Esx


1911 Census

Only one entry with Moco as location and no mention of unoccupied dwellings.

1 dwelling and 5 residents.

Name Relation Age Mar/Child Occupation Birth
Herbert Barnes Head 30 Mar Stock man on farm Rampton, Cam
Louisa Barnes Wife 29 Mar 8/3/3 Bassingbourn
Herbert Barnes Son 7 Holloway, London
Louisa Barnes Dau 4 Holloway, London
Alec Barnes Son 2 Holloway, London


1921 Census

There is no entry citing Moco as location of any residence. On census day 19 June 1921 at least Moco was uninhabited.


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Last Updated on April 10, 2023