1 Cheyney Street
This plot is an historic dwelling site, originally an enclosure of about half an acre, believed to be from the common land of Steeple Morden Manor. On the Enclosure Map the full plot is outlined in green and originally probably included that part of the yellow outlined plot directly behind. Sitting on the corner of Cheyney Street and Hay Street, it actually had a longer frontage to Hay Street than Cheyney Street.
The plot was split into two and this likely occurred about the time the yeoman’s house, which today is No 3 Cheyney Street, was built in the late 1600s. At some point, the yellow land was split off, possibly around 1750-1775. All the original plot of land would have still been in single ownership, so such divisions were not problematic.
The original house on this plot, on the Hay Street side appears to have been no more than a humble cottage to house the family of an agricultural labourer. Until in the early 1860s it was demolished and replaced with a brick built and slated house, that is now No 1 Cheyney Street. Built right on the road, there was a smithy and small farmstead created behind. John Pepper had been a blacksmith with a smith at the rear of 12 Hay Street, where he lived for a while. His son Thomas moved into the house and worked the new smithy, to be followed by his own son Walter Pepper. It has not been ascertained, when the smithy was closed, although it is believed to have been 1940s or early 1950s. The Peppers stopped hammering horseshoes and moved into smallholding and farming; a wise decision.
The junction of Hay Street and Cheyney Street is generally called The Cross and this house took the same name. At some point a lean-to was built on the east end of the house and this became a shoemaker’s workshop, occupied notably by Sid Ball in the first half of the 20th Century.
The Enclosure and Tithe Maps below depict well the origins of the plot and its division.
Enclosure Map 1817
Tithe Map 1839
Owners of No 1 Cheyney Street
|1858-1863||John Holben Strickland|
|1876-1897||Thomas Swan||Exors of|
|2002-2005||Wedge Homes ?|
Occupiers, other than owners, of No 1 Cheyney Street
|1867-1910||Thomas Pepper||+ Ball from 1905|
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Photographs and Maps
Census Returns 1841 to 1939
Thomas Swan Sale of Estate at Auction 1896 Lot 1 is No 1 Cheyney Street
Last Updated on June 23, 2022